Moderate Iron Deficiency Anemia Diagnostics & Care
The tests that are taken from the patient confirm the diagnosis of anemia and indicate that her poor health is caused by the lack of blood cells. In accordance with the results of laboratory analysis, the patient has the moderate form of anemia. As Jablonka et al. (2018) remark, if the number of red blood cells is in the range of 8-10.9 g/dl, this type of disease is diagnosed (p. 4). Also, based on additional blood tests, in particular, the level of hematocrit and erythrocyte count, it can be noted that the patient’s indicators are minimal, which demonstrates the presence of anemia. According to Jablonka et al. (2018), if the erythrocyte count parameter is between 2.1 and 4.3 x 10/mm, it is the minimum figure (p. 3).
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The hematocrit level, which is 32% (the data from the patient under consideration), does not reach the minimum required indicators (34.6%), which corresponds to the specified degree of the disease (Jablonka et al., 2018, p. 3). The results suggest the diagnosis of moderate anemia and the need for taking measures. Such an indicated symptom as feeling unwell during the menstrual cycle is caused by blood loss, which adversely affects the state of the body weakened by the shortage of red blood cells. Also, experiencing physical exertion, for instance, playing golf is a catalyst for heart palpitations. Dyspnea and dizziness are the typical symptoms for this disease since blood does not have enough oxygen saturation, and the body reacts to this change by reducing the level of endurance. Aspirin that the patient takes dilutes blood, but it is not the means of increasing the number of red blood cells. Therefore, such treatment is ineffective and does not contribute to getting rid of the real causes of poor health. The patient is likely to have iron deficiency anemia and, according to Jablonka et al. (2018), the lack of iron, vitamins, folic acid, and general malnutrition may be the causes of this ailment. As a non-pharmacological intervention, the patient’s diet can be supplemented with food containing iron – apples, beef liver, legumes, dark chocolate, and other products that increase the required performance to normal. Also, the temporary reduction of the load on the body is a mandatory measure since the low level of blood cells contributes to increased fatigue and, as a result, a decrease in working capacity. In the case of following the recommendations of medical specialists and observing an appropriate diet, the patient can improve her health independently, without resorting to treatment in the clinic. Reference Jablonka, A., Wetzke, M., Sogkas, G., Dopfer, C., Schmidt, R. E., Behrens, G. M., & Happle, C. (2018). Prevalence and types of anemia in a large refugee cohort in Western Europe in 2015. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 1-7. Web.