Participation Of Older People Application

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Participation Of Older People Application

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Participation Of Older People Application

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The main aim that is behind the classification of Disability, functioning, and health internationally (WHO-ICF) is particularly in providing the language that is standard and the conceptual fundamentals in order to define, assess, and explore the functioning of human Physio-psycho-social with relation to the disability.
Under the framework of WHO-ICF; disability is defined as the condition with manifold dimensions which will be developed as the process in which the impairment of the potential body functions and the structures will occur, which will limit the daily activities and ultimately restricts the community participation which means that experiencing the problems while getting involved in life situations (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2014).
All the aspects that are mentioned with respect to disability will be interacting dynamically with the individual’s health and along with their environmental and personal factors. Among all these aspects of disability, a level of restriction for the participation of the individual is occasionally viewed as an indicator of the health condition of the person.
Hence it is assessed or explored occasionally in either the research or clinical settings more specifically if the individual under the assessment is an older person (Belsky, Moffitt & Caspi, 2013).
The environmental factors
The environmental factors were defined as the social, attitudinal, and physical environment in which individuals will live and behavior their lives. From the earlier studies, it has been shown that the environmental factors such as the socioeconomic status that is self-perceived, either living alone or staying with the family and the social networks were found to be associated with the development of fragility.
However, in this study, the factors that are related to the environment have been explored in determining whether they are also in association with the restriction of participation.
With the help of Chinese-Lubben Social Network Scale known as CLSNS is the social support network of the participants who have been assessed which is considered to be the 10 item scale that measures the five aspects of social networks such as the confidant relationships, network of family, helping others, networks of friends, and living arrangements. The whole score will be ranging from the level of 0 to 50 (Berry, 2007). If the score is higher than it will be indicating a stronger social network. With the help of the MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status (SSS), the self-perceived socioeconomic status of participants has been assessed.
The social status is denoted by the SSS as a 10 rung ladder in which the top of the ladder will be representing the individuals who are at their best off and the bottom will be representing the individuals who are at their worst off. All the individuals who have participated have been asked to mark an X on the rung which has represented the social status in the best manner (Faulkner, 2017).
If a step is higher than it was indicating the self-perceived social status at a higher level. Among all the various racial or the ethnic groups along with the different geographic locations, this scale is found demonstrating higher validity and reliability. The participants were even asked about the members living in the same household.
Demographic details
The demographic details can be defined as the specific background of the people’s lives and their conditions of health. In the community that has been chosen for research study, the following demographic information has been collected. The information on the demographics of the participants related to age and gender has been collected.
Under the section of criteria of selection of sample the level of feebleness of participants have been evaluated as per the occurrence of the five most common features of the phenotype of feebleness; The information that was asked them is to provide the data in the past 12 months with respect to the number of diseases, total number of hospitalizations, and the number of falls that they have suffered from and the medications that were prescribed to them and they were consuming during the period of suffering (World Health Organization, 2001).
The Charlson Comorbidity Index (C-CCI) which is a Chinese version has been used among the participants for assessing the levels of comorbidity. The sum of the comorbidity and the age scores will be determining the C-CCI score with scores ranging from 0, 1 to 2, 3 to 4 and greater than 5 which will be representing the levels of comorbidity as low, medium, and high respectively (World Health Organization, 2001).
Solutions and their need for community
Participants in the research study have felt that there would be a much gain from the experience of longer life in comparison to the younger age group individuals and were noticed to be extremely enthusiastic and were willing in offering the support in the research area in which old age group people have been involved (Giles, Cameron & Crotty, 2003).
A desired was expressed by the participants to get involved so that solutions can be created by them in relation to health care and other related issues that are concerning with their age group, according to the phrase of the department of the UK of Health report on promoting the justice states that nothing about me without me. An interest has been expressed by the participants being involved in the research related to biomedical and believed that the findings obtained from such kind of studies will be shared with the authorities of government agencies and mediates.
It was believed by the participants that in every stage of research they should get involved right from their involvement in the applications for grants to distribution of the findings of research.
A better solution was provided by the older people who say that they have the desire of getting integrated with the generations of younger age group so that volunteering with the authorities of local groups in contributing to the community would be there instead of just being a viewer as an individual community (Kendig & Phillipson, 2014).
It has been noticed by the older people that the public services, information, and support are at times were not accessible to them because of their age. For instance, if the information is available only on online and if older people are not knowing how to access the computer or if they don’t know how to make use of it than they might be restricted from accessing it or restricted from filling the applications made available online that are related to the services of utility bills, retirement, public transport, and insurance (Stacey & Kendig, 1997). It was as a result concluded that only technology on its own can never be considered as the worthwhile solution for societal problems if all community members cannot use it.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [AIHW] (2014). Australia’s health 2014. Australia’s health series no. 14. Cat. no. AUS 178.Canberra: AIHW.
Belsky, D. W., Moffitt, T. E., & Caspi, A. (2013). Genetics in population health science: strategies and opportunities. American journal of public health, 103(S1), S73-S83.
Berry, M. (2007). Ageing in space: Transport, access and urban form. In A. Borowski, S. Encel, & E. Ozanne (Eds.), Longevity and social change in Australia. UNSW Press
Faulkner, D (2017) ‘Housing and the environments of ageing’, in K. O’Loughlin, C.Browning and H. Kendig (ed.), Ageing in Australia: Challenges and Opportunities, Springer, New York, pp. 184-185.
World Health Organization. (2001). ICF International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Giles, L.C., Cameron, I.D., & Crotty, M. (2003). Disability in older Australians: Projections for 2006–2031. Medical Journal of Australia, 179, 130–133.
Kendig, H., & Phillipson, C. (2014). Building age-friendly communities: New approaches to challenging health and social inequalities. In: If you could do one thing: Nine local actions to reduce health inequalities report. London: British Academy
Stacey, B., & Kendig, H. (1997). Driving, cessation of driving, and transport safety issues among older people. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 7(3), 175–179.

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